About the Data
Expenditures rather than awards are presented because expenditures more accurately reflect the level of current research activity. Expenditures include funding from federal, state/local government, institution, business, nonprofit organization, and other sources.
The National Science Foundation’s (NSF) Higher Education Research and Development (HERD) Survey is the primary national source of information on R&D expenditures within higher education institutions in the U.S. and outlying areas. The survey is an annual census of institutions that expended at least $150,000 in separately budgeted R&D in the fiscal year. These data are used when reviewing UT System performance in the context of institutions across the United States, which is what is displayed in the bar graphs and tables above.
Data can also be used from the Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board (THECB) if only institutions from within Texas are presented. R&D expenditure data from the THECB are typically more current than the national NSF data—the NSF national data can lag behind by one or more years in comparison to the THECB. Differences between the NSF and THECB R&D figures can be attributed to the following:
- The NSF survey allows institutions to calculate their unreimbursed indirect costs. THECB’s survey allows only tracked indirect costs as reported in the institution’s annual financial report. Institutions using the NSF calculation will have a considerably higher total in the “Institution” source of funding in NSF reports by comparison with THECB reports.
- NSF may impute data for institutions that do not respond to or fully complete their survey.
National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Higher Education Research and Development Survey.
Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board, Research Expenditures.